They built a wall around the Ghetto. Some of it was brick, some barbed wire. Whatever it was, it was there to contain us.
We wore white armbands with blue Stars of David. The soldiers wore black uniforms bearing the lightning bolts of the Schutzstaffel. They shouted orders and beat anyone they chose with whips and Mauser rifles. They called us Juden and shot us in the streets with their Luger pistols.
We had to walk in the gutters and bow to the SS.
I was twelve when I shot two and escaped.